Allen, Lewis F. (Falley).  1866. The City of Ararat and Mordecai M. Noah.  Buffalo, N.Y.: Buffalo Historical Society.

Goldberg, Isaac. 1936.  Major Noah: American Jewish Pioneer. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America.

Karp, Abraham. 1987.  Mordecai Manuel Noah: The First American Jew.  New York: Yeshiva University Museum.

Makover, A.B.  1917. Mordecai M. Noah: His Life and Work From the Jewish Viewpoint. New York: Bloch Publishing Company.

Raisin, Max. 1905. Mordecai Manuel Noah: Zionist, Author and Statesman, Warsaw.

Sarna, Jonathan. 1981. Jacksonian Jew: The Two Worlds of Mordecai Noah.  New York: Holmes & Meier.

Wolf, Simon. 1897. Mordecai Manuel Noah; A Biographical Sketch.  Philadelphia. The Levytype Company.

Academic Essays

Cone, G. Herbert. 1903.  ”New Matter Relating to Mordecai M. Noah,”Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, 11: 131-137.

Friedman, Lee M. 1942. “Ararat – A City of Refuge for the Jews,” Jewish Pioneers and Patriots (Philadelphia), 107-15.

Friedman, Lee M. 1948. “Mordecai Manuel Noah as Playwright,” Pilgrims in a New Land (Philadelphia), 221-32.

Gelber, Natan M. 1957-8. “Mordecai Manuel Noah: His Dreams of a Jewish State in America,” SURA: Israeli-American Annual, 3:  377-413.

Glaser Jennifer.  2007. “An Imaginary Ararat: Jewish Bodies and Jewish Homelands in Ben Katchor’s The Jew of New York.” MELUS 32:3 (Fall 2007): 153-173.

Gordis, Robert. 1951. “Mordecai Manuel Noah: A Century Evaluation,” Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, 41: 1-25.

Kahane, Libby. 1978. “Mordecai Noah in Hebrew Periodical Literature and in Israel,” American Jewish Historical Quarterly, 67:3 (March 1978): 260- 3.

Kohler, Max J. 1900. “Some Early American Zionist Projects,” Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, 8: 75-118.

Kohn, S. Joshua. 1965. “Mordecai Manuel Noah’s Ararat Project and the Missionaries,” American Jewish Historical Quarterly, 55:2 (December 1965), 162-98.

Kohn, S. Joshua. 1969. “New Light on Mordecai Manuel Noah’s Ararat Project,” AJHQ, 59 (December 1969), 210-14.

Kohut, George Alexander. 1897.  ”A Literary Autobiography of Mordecai Manuel Noah.” Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society, 6: 113-121.

Popkin, Richard. 1982.  “Mordecai Noah, The Abbe Gregoire, and the Paris Sanhedrin,”  Modern Judaism, II: 2 (May 1982):.

Reissner, Hans G. 1962. “Ganstown – U.S.A.: A German Jewish Dream,”AJA, 14 (April 1962), 20-31.

Rovner, Adam. 2011. “Alternate History: The Case of Nava Semel’sIsraisland and Michael Chabon’s The Yiddish Policeman’s Union.” Partial Answers 9/1: 131-152.

Ruchames, Louis. 1975. “Mordecai Manuel Noah and Early American Zionism,” American Jewish Historical Quarterly, 64:3 (March 1975): 195-223.

Sarna, Jonathan D. 1980. “The Roots of Ararat: An Early Letter from Mordecai M. Noah to Peter B. Porter,” American Jewish Archives 32 (April 1980): 52-58.

Shalev, Eran. 2010. “Revive, Renew and Reestablish”: Mordecai Noah’s Ararat and the Limits of Biblical Imagination in the Early American Republic,” American Jewish Archives Journal, 62:1: 1-20.

Weingrad, Michael. 2007. “Messiah American Style: Mordecai Manuel Noah and the American Refuge.” AJS Review 31: 75–108.

Weinryb, Bernard D., “Noah’s Ararat Jewish State in its Historical Setting,” American Jewish Historical Society, Publications, 43 (1953:Sept.-1954: June): 170-191.

Literary Works

Erdberg, S.  1953.  (in Yiddish) Mordecai Emanuel Noah: Troimer Fun Geula in America  (Dreamer from Exile in America).

Katchor, Ben. 1999. The Jew of New York. New York: Pantheon.

Lewis, Alfred Henry. 1903.  Peggy O’Neal. New York: The American News Company.  Available Online:

Levinger, Elma Ehrlich Levinger.  1920.  The New Land: Stories of Jews Who Had a Part in the Making of Our Country.  New York.  Bloch Publishing Company.

Sackler, Harry. 1928.  Major Noah (Yiddish).  Translated in Hebrew asMashiach nosach amerika (Messiah – American Style) (1929).

Sackler, Harry. 1943. Sefer hamahazot. New York. Ogen.

Semel, Nava. 2005.  Iy-srael.  Tel Aviv: Yedioth Ahronoth v’ Sifrey Hemed, 2005. 269 pp.   Translated into English as Israisland by Anthony Berris. Ramat Gan: Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature (Manuscript).  Synopsis:

Twersky, Yohanan. 1954. Eifo ‘erez ‘Ararat?: Roman mehayei Mordekhai ‘Imanuel Noah. (Where is Ararat?) Tel Aviv: Ayanot.

Vidal, Gore. 1973.  Burr. New York: Random House.

Zangwill, Israel. 1899.  ”Noah’s Ark” (79-126) in Ghetto Tragedies.Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America.  Available Online as Project Gutenberg EBook: